UK suspends officially Hong Kong extradition treatyEuropost
As expected, the UK announced on Monday that it would suspend its extradition treaty with Hong Kong in what is seen as an escalation of a dispute with China over its introduction of a national security law for the former British colony.
The statement was issued by Foreign Secretary Dominic Raab, who told parliament the treaty would be suspended immediately and an arms embargo would be extended to Hong Kong.
“We will not consider reactivating those arrangements, unless and until there are clear and robust safeguards, which are able to prevent extradition from the UK being misused under the new national security legislation,” Raab said.
The ban is another nail in the coffin of what then Prime Minister David Cameron in 2015 cast as a “golden era” of ties with China, the world’s second-largest economy. London has been recently dismayed by a crackdown in Hong Kong, which returned to Chinese rule in 1997, and the perception that China did not tell the whole truth over the coronavirus outbreak.
“Extraditions between Hong Kong and the UK are extremely rare, so this is a symbolic gesture, but a very important one,” said Nick Vamos, Partner at London law firm Peters & Peters.
Raab said he would extend a longstanding arms embargo on China to include Hong Kong, meaning no exports of weapons or ammunition and a ban on any equipment which might be used for internal repression, like shackles and smoke grenades.
Australia and Canada also suspended extradition treaties with Hong Kong earlier this month. And US President Donald Trump has ended preferential economic treatment for Hong Kong.
The three countries, as well as Britain say the new security law breaches the guarantees of freedoms, including an independent judiciary, that have helped keep Hong Kong one of the world’s most important trade and financial centers since 1997.
Although Raab was pressed by fellow lawmakers to consider targeted sanctions against individuals, over both Hong Kong and concerns about China’s treatment of Uighur Muslims in its Xinjiang region, he said any such measures were not imminent.
“We will patiently gather the evidence, it takes months,” he said.
Officials in Hong Kong and Beijing have said the law is vital to plug gaps in national security exposed by recent pro-democracy and anti-China protests. China has repeatedly told Western powers to stop meddling in Hong Kong’s affairs. On Sunday, China’s ambassador to Britain warned of a tough response if London attempted to sanction Chinese officials, as some Conservative Party lawmakers have demanded.
Meanwhile, China on Tuesday urged Britain to immediately correct its mistakes after Britain announced it would suspend its extradition treaty for Chinese-ruled Hong Kong.
Foreign ministry spokesman Wang Wenbin made the remark during a daily media briefing, adding that Britain’s moves violated international law and norms and China firmly opposes and reserves the right to react.