PM Borissov with important decision: New Constitution and number of MPs to be cut to 120
The Prime Minister will resign when the National Assembly decides to convene a Grand National AssemblyMonitor News Agency , Sofia
The Prime Minister Boyko Borissov proposes convening a Grand National Assembly and adopting amendments to the Constitution. He announced this by a Facebook video clip. They will propose decreasing the number of MPs from 240 to 120, as well as changes in the Supreme Judicial Council.
Here is the speech of PM Boyko Borissov:
At that stage, the current government, which people have elected, fulfilled its commitments: it guaranteed economic growth, sound finances and record low external debt, it improved infrastructure on an unprecedented scale and launched major energy projects that many claimed to be impossible.
This government continues to lead the country through the coronavirus pandemic with minimal damage, we have mobilised billions in support of health and social systems, people and business.
Cigarette smuggling has dropped ten times in nine years. Thus, Bulgaria is currently the European country with the lowest levels of tobacco smuggling. The effect for Bulgaria of monitoring of alcohol and fuels in refineries amounts to hundreds of millions.
The current government negotiated nearly BGN 60 billion to be invested in our country in the coming years.
It convinced our European partners to accept us in the innermost circle of the European integration - the Eurozone and the Banking Union!
During the years of governing of GERB, and me, being a Prime Minister, we have increased incomes and GDP more than 2.5 times.
This turned out to be insufficient.
The attacks for years by unsystematic and failed political players, blasphemy and fake news have led to an erosion of trust in institutions. A natural revolt of the young people arose.
Oligarchs, who were united because of their affected economic interests, failed figures, who did not manage to catalyse their political and financial ambitions, unrealised politicians, who lost for long the public support, tried to take over this revolt of the young people. They tried to blow up the order in the country.
By paradoxically charged hate speech, these people pulled out their protest. From the very beginning, they introduced certain individuals and interests among the protesters, which replaced the ideas of the young with ideas of the oligarchy and the underworld. A daily escalation of huge political tensions began. Such a symbiosis is extremely dangerous for democracy.
When the guises fell at one point, the mothers of disadvantaged children were brought on the stage. Opposition politicians of all political colours, who sought and selflessly received my support over the years, carried out the second act of the big oligarchy’s scenario. Because of their unscrupulous political ambitions, either they withheld on their own or they were made to. That is exactly what they failed to overcome. So they united.
At the same time, the parliament opposition is not recognized as an alternative because it is weak, helpless and incapable of producing legislative decisions that should be corrective to governance.
The president has abandoned his primary role as a unifier of the nation. In his will to be a political leader, he deliberately fuelled the tensions between the institutions, as he reached to the point of confronting Bulgarian citizens to Bulgarian citizens. He divided our society, clenched his fist, and set fire to the destructive power of opposing. Thus, he turned out and strengthened himself to be a figurehead and a servant of the oligarchy.
WHO WINS WHILE ALL WE ARE LOSING?
Thus, the authentic voice of the people for change was crushed. Started as a civil action of fellow activists, it has turned into a dictate over all the citizens. But that didn't work either. The scenario for a full blockade of the state turned out to be impossible, because the destructive revolutionary revanchism is not in the nature of the Bulgarian people. Because the desire for rule of law, for legality, for new personalities cannot be achieved with a severe violation of law. And the Bulgarians have felt this.
The closures of roads, railway stations, subways and attempts for bloody excesses led to an explosion of civic uneasiness. The protests did not produce its authentic leaders. For more than a month, the protesters have not specified their demands beyond the resignations.
These educated young people participating in the protests do not indicate what they will do next. And what is the most important - how will they achieve it and with whom? It is not enough just to destroy the old world. You need to know what will be built on its place. Do they know, for example, how they will participate in early elections? What is their political representation? What will be their programme? What do they suggest?
The slogan "Everyone out" is destructive in its nature and deeply mistaken. The old swindlers used them with their actions. The revolt of the young was captured. None of the protesters gained publicity as a new personality, none of them stood out as a speaker, as a leader, as a new alternative figure. Unfortunately, the vast majority of the protesting children did not understand the big games of behind-the- scenes clique!
Yet I know - everything is in the hands of the young people. I respect their rebellion. They still have the chance to create a new, legitimate, democratic movement and a new generation of political leaders with a democratic view of Bulgaria. It is time for young people to realise their historical mission and the difficult course, which I would propose to take together.
The deep desire for change in Bulgaria is already stirred and it is beyond the control of the systemic political parties. For our future, it is necessary a new generation of Bulgarian leaders and a new Basic Law of the state to be established.
For me and my party, the participation in the government has always been not a goal but an opportunity to work and achieve results. More than 10 years people have been voting for us because of this reason. I have been reprimanded not a single time for my excessive civic sensitivity. In the name of democracy, I withdrew twice when I felt the attempts for division of our society. And yet people brought me back.
Today again, I will not be the one who, instead of preserving the democratic peace and building on it, will permit Bulgarians to fight Bulgarians at the blockades. I will not be the one who will tolerate clenching fists neither at blockades nor from the President’s Administration.
IT'S TIME TO RESTART, IT'S TIME FOR DECISIONS
Pursuant to Art. 87, para. 1 of the Constitution of the Republic of Bulgaria and Art. 76, para. 1 of the Rules of Procedure of the National Assembly, GERB will submit a new draft Constitution of the Republic of Bulgaria. It is time for responsibility and determination! It is time not only for change of the political system, but to restart the state as a whole. The need to restart the political model can no longer be delayed! The unity, statehood and stability of our country are not just words for me - they are the basis from where I started with each of my decisions.
In the recent years, the need for a new Constitution is a topic that has been a leading issue for many citizens and public organisations. In order to meet the attitudes and expectations of the Bulgarian citizens, we propose a draft Constitution to protect the basic principles of our time. The Basic Law should be drawn in line with the European rules. According to the current Constitution, only a Grand National Assembly can adopt a new one.
Therefore, I propose convening a Grand National Assembly, which shall introduce a number of significant amendments to the Constitution:
• We will propose the number of MPs to be cut from 240 to 120;
• In the case of the Grand National Assembly, the number of MPs shall be cut from 400 to 280;
• We will terminate the Supreme Judicial Council and propose the establishment of a Judicial Council of Judges and a Judicial Council of Prosecutors. The two councils will deal separately with personnel issues related to judges, on the one hand, and prosecutors and investigators, on the other hand. In accordance with the EC recommendations for Democracy through Law - the so-called Venice Commission, which is an advisory body of the Council of Europe, the members of the Judicial Council of Judges will be elected as follows: seven members from the professional community, i.e. from the judges and 6 members from the National Assembly, elected by a two-thirds majority of MPs, as the members will be entitled for chairpersons of the Supreme Court of Cassation and the Supreme Administrative Court.
• We will propose the term of office of the Chairperson of the Supreme Court of Cassation, the Supreme Administrative Court and the Prosecutor General to be 5 years;
• We will propose the power of the minister of justice to be limited only to proposing draft budgets to the relevant bodies and to managing the real estate of the judiciary;
• We will propose separate inspectorates to be established at the councils of judges and prosecutors, each of them consisting of a chief inspector and five inspectors;
• We will propose an institution of individual constitutional complaint to be introduced;
• We will propose the Prosecutor General to be heard by the National Assembly every 6 months. The report covers implementation of the Activities of the Prosecutor’s Office and Investigative Bodies Act;
• The National Assembly may hear the Prosecutor General on issues related to specific criminal proceedings, with the permission of the supervising prosecutor;
These are things that people want and expect for years. These proposals will increase the role and trust in the political representation and then the anonymous MPs will disappear. They will strengthen the independence of the judiciary, make the prosecutors and judges self-governing communities, and what is the most important, the control over the activities of the Prosecutor General will be strengthened.
At the moment, when the National Assembly decides to hold elections for Grand National Assembly, pursuant to Art. 160 of the Constitution, I will resign as Prime Minister on the same day.
The Grand National Assembly is an unique opportunity - not only to restart our democracy, but also for this to happen in a regime of maximum political representation. We will insist that out of all 400 MPs in it, 200 to be elected proportionally and the remaining 200 to be elected by a majority.
The time has come for each of us to determine by making their own political and historical choices. Only this way we will start square. In a time of the worst socio-economic crisis, a time of pandemic, a time worse than the Great Depression when the world economies are collapsing, our country must come out united.
United we stand strong!
Our country needs this the most today!