Gebrev served as State Security agent under alias Dimov

The court compared documents of the former communist secret police in courtroom, Gebrev’s lawyer insisted on graphoanalysis

Emiliyan Gebrev, the arms dealer who for months now has been in the media limelight owing to his attempts to lay hands on Dunarit and the claims that he was poisoned with Novichok nerve agent proved to have a file in the former State Security Service. On Tuesday, the Sofia City Administrative Court has launched a lawsuit in which Gebrev appealed the ruling of the Secret Files Commission.

The ruling asserted his cooperation with the State Security Service. Gebrev failed to appear in court, only his lawyer was present. At the beginning of the court hearing it was announced that on 14 November 2018 written evidence on the case was presented. Among it is the instruction of the then secret police.

“The instruction is not a juridical act it is an “in-house” document,” said Gebrev’s lawyer. It regulates the documents creation and ways of State Security agents’ registration, explained before the court the legal advisor of the Secret Files Commission. Gebrev’s lawyer insisted that a comparative check of the documents should be made, i.e. their matching with the originals. The Secret Files Commission readily presented to court the registration document and three cards.

The registration document is a voluminous hard-cover ledger with already yellowed pages and the cards are light-green and light-yellow. The court stated that under No. 7653 the name of “Agent Dimov” was entered in the registration document on 18 December 1985.

Thus the identity was stated, i.e. that the copy matched the original. The same procedure was implemented with two cards “form 4” and one card “form 6”. After the Secret Files Commission tabled to the court the documents confirming that Emiliyan Gebrev’ name is featured in the files of the State Security Service, his lawyer demanded that attention should be paid to various details of the documentation. The point is that Gebrev’s surname was underlined with red felt pen on one of the cards, that the forms were filled in with different pens and inks – the red pen was used to mark the elimination of a dossier and the signature of an operative was also in red. The two cards of “form 4” were filled in with different pens and in different colours.

“Why was it made this way is a question which requires special expertise,” said Gebrev’s lawyer and added that he would insist on a graphoanalysis of the three cards. The court gave him 14 days for formulating his questions concerning such analysis. Already in the court room the lawyer listed some of them: to check out if the signatures under the cards of one form are the same as in the other form, can the signatures match the written texts and to verify if the signatures under these cards match the written texts, as well as to compare the texts in the registration document with those in the cards.

The court started procedures under Art. 193 of the Civil Procedure Code – challenge in court of documents’ authenticity. By virtue of law, the party which issues the challenge has to prove that the documents are not authentic (in this case these are Gebrev and his lawyer).

The questions related to the graphoanalysis have to be tabled in two copies – one for the Secret Files Commission and one to the court, to make it possible to make a statement. After that, at a closed-door sitting the court will appoint an expert who will conduct the analysis. The next court hearing on the case will be at the end of May.

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