EU readies CSDP military training mission in Mozambique
Over the last 16 years, the EU has mobilised €3.5bn for African peace operationsEuropost , Brussels
The EU’s Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP) missions and operations and especially the ongoing preparations for the possible deployment of a CSDP military training mission in Mozambique, were among the central topics of the informal meeting of Defence Ministers held last two days in Lisbon.
At a press conference, following the meeting, High Representative/Vice-President Josep Borrell commented that the discussions “delivered quite well”.
On the preparations for the possible deployment of a CSDP military training mission in Mozambique, he informed the ministers that an EU fact-finding mission is currently on the ground discussing with the Mozambican authorities and assessing the possibility and modalities of this mission.
Addressed the developments in Mali, Borrell underscored that despite the release of the President Bah N’Daw and Prime Minister Moctar Ouane, after being forced to resign, the situation remains volatile, unclear. We support the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) efforts and try to coordinate with them, in light of the next European Union – African summit, the HR said.
He also outlined that the activities of the CSDP missions in Mali continue given their important contribution to the fight against terrorism, “for the benefit of not only Mali, but also other Sahel countries, the G5 Sahel Joint Force, and also in our interest”.
He specified that the main dish of the meeting was the Strategic Compass that defines EU’s security and defence role and the discussion concentrated on development of so called capabilities basket with a focus on emerging and disruptive technology.
We have to prepare for different types of crises, he said adding that today the warfare has changed a lot, some of them are very much disruptive and we have to deal with these developments.
Ministers also discussed the level of cooperation and integration, and the cooperation with NATO. Borrell accented as well on the need to review the joint declaration between the NATO and the European Union. “It was signed in Warsaw five years ago, reflecting our strategic priorities, which in five years have changed a lot,” he said.
There were discussions with representatives of the regional organisation of Africa, invited by the Portuguese Presidency touched upon the dialectical relationship between the development and security. “No security without development, no development without security,” Borrell stressed.
Over the last 16 years, the EU has mobilised €3.5bn to build capacities and to finance the African peace operations. Today, there are more than 3,000 European soldiers, police officers and civil servants, currently serving in 10 missions across the continent, from Libya to the Central African Republic, which by the way is another source of concern, Borell said.
On the Coordinated Maritime Presence that has started in the Gulf of Guinea, during the informal meeting were reported very good results. Borrell noted that 90% of the piracy acts happen not in the Somali coast, but in the Gulf of Guinea.