Heritage


    • Masterpiece of medieval mural painting

      Masterpiece of medieval mural painting

      Only 21 kilometres away from the centre of Sofia, at the southern foothills of Western Stara Planina (Balkan Mountains) stands the Seslavtsi Monastery of St Nicholas Mirlikiiski, famous for its frescoes from the 17th century which are a true art treasure. The legend has it that the monastery was founded during the time of the Second Bulgarian Kingdom by a local boyar named Seslav. The remnants of his fortress may still be seen near the monastery.

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    • Where priest king meets Mother Goddess

      Where priest king meets Mother Goddess

      Beglik Tash, one of the largest Thracian sanctuaries in the Balkans, is located in a spacious clearing of a dense forest, mere six kilometres to the north of popular seaside resort Primorsko. The complex remained unknown to scientists until 2003 as it fell within the boundaries of a communist-era hunting residence named Perla. However, its exploration over the recent decade has shed light on the mystical spiritual and religious life of the Thracians.

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    • Bulgarian kings' gold

      Bulgarian kings' gold

      The gold of the Thracian kings is well-known in lands far beyond the Bulgarian state borders. Just as valued but much less familiar is the gold traced back to the Middle Ages, and especially valuable is the Preslav treasure from the period of the First Bulgarian Empire. As most of the treasures found on Bulgarian territory, this too was discovered by accident - while ploughing a field outside of the second Bulgarian capital, Veliki Preslav.

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    • Feast of sun and flowers

      Feast of sun and flowers

      The summer solstice is a time for celebration in all cultures. In Bulgaria the holiday handed down from early pagan times is called Enyovden and is marked on the eve of 24 June. On that day the Bulgarian Orthodox Church reveres St John the Baptist, and so the holiday has intertwined pagan rites and Christian beliefs.

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    • Monastery founded because of an icon

      Monastery founded because of an icon

      The Troyan Monastery of the Assumption of the Holy Mother is the third largest cloister in Bulgaria. It is located in the scenic valley of the river Cherni Osam, 10km to the south of the town of Troyan and 120km to the northeast of Sofia. Almost next to nothing is known about the earliest history of the monastery. It was presumably founded by an Athonite hermit monk, who built a small wooden church by the river in 1600 during his pilgrimage to Wallachia with a wonderworking icon of the Holy Mother of the Three Hands, a replica of the 14th-century wonderworking icon kept at the Monastery of Hilandar on Mount Athos.

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    • Bulgaria's Manchester

      Bulgaria's Manchester

      The city of Gabrovo is situated at the foot of the Stara Planina Mountain, in the valley of the Yantra River. The geographical centre of Bulgaria is located at a nearby site by the name of Uzana. The city is notable for its beautiful nature, National Revival spirit and unique architecture.

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    • Fragrant scent of sub-Balkan fields

      Fragrant scent of sub-Balkan fields

      Every spring at this time of the year rose picking commences in Bulgaria - a beautiful, albeit labour-intensive ceremony of collecting flowers of the oil-bearing varieties Rosa Damascena and Rosa Alba. The lands, located at the mountain foothills, with abundant rivers, mineral springs and sandy soils, offer the best climatic conditions for the cultivation of these flowers. The Valley of Roses embraces the sub-Balkan fields near the towns of Karlovo and Kazanlak and the region around the town of Strelcha in the Sredna Gora Mountains.

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    • Illustrious town of Phillip of Macedon

      Illustrious town of Phillip of Macedon

      Plovdiv, 2019 European capital of culture, is one of the oldest cities in Europe, having appeared around 6000 BC. In roughly 1200 BC, the Thracians established one of the first urban centres in Southeastern Europe, calling it Eumolpias after the mythical Thracian hero Eumolpus, on what today is known as Nebet Tepe. In the 4th century BC, the city was conquered by Phillip II, the father of Alexander The Great, and was renamed Philippopolis. But local Thracians never came to accept the new name and called the settlement Pulpudeva. Later on, the Slavs changed it to nowadays Plovdiv.

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    • The port of sixty ships

      The port of sixty ships

      In the centre of the big Danubian city of Rousse lie the remnants of an ancient Roman settlement known by the name Sexaginta Prista, or the port of 60 ships. The city was founded in the 1st century AD during the rule of Emperor Vespasian and served as a border castle built on the ruins of a more ancient Thracian settlement. It was an important element in the fortification system along the northern border of the Roman province of Moesia.

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    • Sofia's oldest church

      Sofia's oldest church

      The St George Rotunda is the oldest architectural monument in Sofia and the city's only building since the time of the Roman Empire that has been preserved as fully functional. It is believed to have been built by Emperor Constantine the Great in the early 4th century, when what was Serdica at the time was thriving as one of the most significant Roman cities on the Balkan Peninsula.

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