Prof. Mihail Konstantinov (66)

  • Electronic democracy

    Electronic democracy

    For sev­er­al years now, elec­tron­ic democ­ra­cy, or e-democ­ra­cy for short, has been a fad around the globe. No pre­cise def­i­ni­tion is avail­a­ble, but in gen­er­al e-democ­ra­cy stands for the usage of infor­ma­tion and com­mu­ni­ca­tion tech­nol­o­gy in dif­fer­ent are­as of dem­o­crat­ic life.

    858
  • The Iraq Syndrome

    The Iraq Syndrome

    We have seen this mov­ie; we are watch­ing it now and obvi­ous­ly we will watch it again. Till when? Well, until the end of the world or until the pro­gres­sive for­ces win an ulti­mate vic­to­ry over com­mon sense. These pro­gres­sive for­ces all but tri­umphed 20 years ago. And so much the bet­ter that Mikhail Gor­bach­ev, born on 2 March 1931 and then 60, the lone­ly last lead­er of the Sovi­et Empire, showed com­mon sense, gave up and did not let the Fourth World War become a fact. (The Third World War being the Cold War, which the Social­ist camp lost inglo­ri­ous­ly.)

    1062
  • Electronic security

    Electronic security

    The issue of elec­tron­ic secu­ri­ty is both old and very much up-to-date. Sev­er­al recent events have also impelled a new look at this sort of secu­ri­ty issues and respec­tive swift moves to avoid being caught off­hand as it has often hap­pened. Until 30 years ago, Bul­gar­ia used to be a lead­er in elec­tron­ic tech­nol­o­gy among the mem­ber nations of two now defunct alli­an­ces. The first one was a polit­i­cal and mil­i­tary one, includ­ed 7 nations, and was called the War­saw Trea­ty Organ­i­za­tion. Cre­at­ed in 1955 in response to the NATO alli­ance (which was estab­lished in 1949), today the War­saw Trea­ty is remem­bered only by rep­re­sent­a­tives of old­er gen­er­a­tions. Yet there was a time when it was a ter­ri­fy­ing pow­er with mul­ti­mil­lion armed for­ces, com­prised of doz­ens of thou­sands of tanks and mil­i­tary air­craft and more than 10,000 nucle­ar heads.

    770
  • The virtual jungle

    The virtual jungle

    There are events in the his­to­ry of human civ­il­i­za­tion that change dra­mat­i­cal­ly the fates of peo­ple and coun­tries. The events of the first kind - wars, polit­i­cal rev­o­lu­tions and oth­er man-caused cat­a­clysms - come with a bang leav­ing destruc­tion and death behind and over­turn­ing the lives of the sur­vi­vors. Yet, very often some oth­er events change the course of his­to­ry in a way not less dra­mat­ic although they usu­al­ly remain unno­ticed. These are the dis­cov­er­ies and tech­no­log­i­cal rev­o­lu­tions relat­ed to them. Some 2,500 years ago, sci­en­tif­ic and phil­o­soph­i­cal schools emerge at dif­fer­ent pla­ces around the globe (Egypt, Greece and Chi­na) and their achieve­ments are respect­ed even today. The Earth radi­us was cal­cu­lat­ed with an error of 1%, irra­tion­al num­bers were dis­cov­ered, the def­i­nite inte­gral was essen­tial­ly defined, accu­rate astro­nom­i­cal mod­els were built, the first cal­cu­lat­ing devi­ces emerged, the steam engine was invent­ed (yes, it was as ear­ly as that).

    707
  • Our vulnerable world

    Our vulnerable world

    In just a few decades the world around us underwent dramatic changes. And this is not just a cliche often repeated since ancient times. The changes we allude to are without precedent in the history of human civilization - at least of the civilization that evolved on Earth during the past 12,000 years.

    668
  • Death penalty

    Death penalty

    Despite the broad usage of the term, the heading is perhaps a little misleading as there is a view that causing death is by no means and cannot be a penalty. What is, by the way, a death penalty, or capital punishment? There is no adequate definition and the textbooks offer the sophisticated explanation: “enforced by law execution of the convicted offender”, which is a tautology in itself. On 10.10.2010, a date worshipped by numerologists, the World Day against the Death Penalty was held for the eighth time. At the opening of the EP’s plenary session days ahead, Parliament's President Jerzy Buzek said: “Death can never be regarded as a form of justice.

    1077