EU-Korean project tackles fog through blockchain

DECENTER Project aims to tie together broad spectrum of techs with a secure blockchain

Photo: www.decenter-project.eu

Decentralisation from the cloud to the edge is a key challenge of AI technologies applied to large heterogeneous systems, including ensuring timely and effective responses that are critical. Thus, the research and innovation DECENTER Project, led by a European and Korean consortium, aims to integrate a broad spectrum of technologies, such as the Internet of Things (IoT), Artificial intelligence (AI), the cloud, edge, fog computing and smart contracts tied together with a secure blockchain.

The joint project is expected to focus on developing a platform that facilitates creation of a new ecosystem in which computing and IoT resources (processing, memory, storage, connectivity, sensing, actuating, etc.) can be harmoniously orchestrated in dynamically created multi-cloud, federated environments. In this advanced fog computing platform, the underlying infrastructure will span across borders into a federation, and will utilise blockchain-based technologies and Smart Contracts to reach secure processing, automated operation and timely delivery of responses.

The ultimate goal is the development of advanced cloud platforms that empower emerging AI applications with on-demand computing at the edge of the infrastructure. While processing that requires more computing and storage resources will still be done in the cloud, timely and effective computing at the edge that supports AI can improve the safety of citizens in pedestrian crossings, workers and assets in logistic and construction areas and children and parents at home.

European partners in the 11-member project are Fondazione Bruno Kessler (Italy), Atos (Spain), CEA-Leti (France), Comune di Trento (Italy), Robotnik (Spain) and University of Ljubljana (Slovenia). Korean partners are Korea Electronics Technology Institute, Gluesys, Daliworks, LGU+ and Seoul National University.

The CEA-Leti made public that its sensiNact Internet of Things (IoT) middleware will be the core of the project’s fog platform. In development and trials since 2010, it is a unified framework for integrating and managing IoT devices via generic application programming interfaces (APIs). It collects, aggregates and securely scripts data from a wide range of communicating objects, regardless of the network communication protocol.  As a key component of the DECENTER platform, it will provide distributed sensing and actuation resources that will be shared and used by the blockchain-based resource orchestrator to ensure the accounting and the integrity of the transactions by smart contracts.

This project has received funding from the EU’s Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation Programme

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