Heritage


    • Feast of sun and flowers

      Feast of sun and flowers

      The summer solstice is a time for celebration in all cultures. In Bulgaria the holiday handed down from early pagan times is called Enyovden and is marked on the eve of 24 June. On that day the Bulgarian Orthodox Church reveres St John the Baptist, and so the holiday has intertwined pagan rites and Christian beliefs.

      204
    • Monastery founded because of an icon

      Monastery founded because of an icon

      The Troyan Monastery of the Assumption of the Holy Mother is the third largest cloister in Bulgaria. It is located in the scenic valley of the river Cherni Osam, 10km to the south of the town of Troyan and 120km to the northeast of Sofia. Almost next to nothing is known about the earliest history of the monastery. It was presumably founded by an Athonite hermit monk, who built a small wooden church by the river in 1600 during his pilgrimage to Wallachia with a wonderworking icon of the Holy Mother of the Three Hands, a replica of the 14th-century wonderworking icon kept at the Monastery of Hilandar on Mount Athos.

      242
    • Bulgaria's Manchester

      Bulgaria's Manchester

      The city of Gabrovo is situated at the foot of the Stara Planina Mountain, in the valley of the Yantra River. The geographical centre of Bulgaria is located at a nearby site by the name of Uzana. The city is notable for its beautiful nature, National Revival spirit and unique architecture.

      251
    • Fragrant scent of sub-Balkan fields

      Fragrant scent of sub-Balkan fields

      Every spring at this time of the year rose picking commences in Bulgaria - a beautiful, albeit labour-intensive ceremony of collecting flowers of the oil-bearing varieties Rosa Damascena and Rosa Alba. The lands, located at the mountain foothills, with abundant rivers, mineral springs and sandy soils, offer the best climatic conditions for the cultivation of these flowers. The Valley of Roses embraces the sub-Balkan fields near the towns of Karlovo and Kazanlak and the region around the town of Strelcha in the Sredna Gora Mountains.

      276
    • Illustrious town of Phillip of Macedon

      Illustrious town of Phillip of Macedon

      Plovdiv, 2019 European capital of culture, is one of the oldest cities in Europe, having appeared around 6000 BC. In roughly 1200 BC, the Thracians established one of the first urban centres in Southeastern Europe, calling it Eumolpias after the mythical Thracian hero Eumolpus, on what today is known as Nebet Tepe. In the 4th century BC, the city was conquered by Phillip II, the father of Alexander The Great, and was renamed Philippopolis. But local Thracians never came to accept the new name and called the settlement Pulpudeva. Later on, the Slavs changed it to nowadays Plovdiv.

      292
    • The port of sixty ships

      The port of sixty ships

      In the centre of the big Danubian city of Rousse lie the remnants of an ancient Roman settlement known by the name Sexaginta Prista, or the port of 60 ships. The city was founded in the 1st century AD during the rule of Emperor Vespasian and served as a border castle built on the ruins of a more ancient Thracian settlement. It was an important element in the fortification system along the northern border of the Roman province of Moesia.

      1623
    • Sofia's oldest church

      Sofia's oldest church

      The St George Rotunda is the oldest architectural monument in Sofia and the city's only building since the time of the Roman Empire that has been preserved as fully functional. It is believed to have been built by Emperor Constantine the Great in the early 4th century, when what was Serdica at the time was thriving as one of the most significant Roman cities on the Balkan Peninsula.

      289
    • Bulgaria's old crafts recreated

      Bulgaria's old crafts recreated

      Etara, the architecture and ethnography reserve and one-of-a-kind outdoor museum which boasts a live and functioning ethnographic exposition is located near the city of Gabrovo. Its name is derived from the ancient name of the Yantra River over whose banks the museum spans. Every visitor of the Etara complex has a chance to travel back in time, share the folk traditions, feel the breath of the olden times and learn more about old Bulgarians' way of life.

      453
    • Hidden among cliffs and rocks

      Hidden among cliffs and rocks

      The “Vavedenie Bogorodichno” (Presentation of the Blessed Virgin Mary) Monastery is located in the gorge of the Nishava river not far from the village of Razboishte and some 70 kilometres northwest of the capital Sofia. The area abounds in unapproachable crags, caves and rock niches, which attracted monks in the Middle Ages and lent itself to the building of many churches and monasteries in the rocks.

      477
    • To carve sun out of wood

      To carve sun out of wood

      The Daskalov House in the town of Tryavna is one of the most remarkable Bulgarian architecture monuments of the National Revival period. The house was built at the beginning of the 19th century, circa 1804-1808, by the prominent local merchant Hadji Hristo Daskalov for his two sons. It is famous for its ceilings decorations - wood-carved sun rays which to this day shine over the two guestrooms of the house.

      463