Plovdiv, 2019 European capital of culture, is one of the oldest cities in Europe, having appeared around 6000 BC. In roughly 1200 BC, the Thracians established one of the first urban centres in Southeastern Europe, calling it Eumolpias after the mythical Thracian hero Eumolpus, on what today is known as Nebet Tepe. In the 4th century BC, the city was conquered by Phillip II, the father of Alexander The Great, and was renamed Philippopolis. But local Thracians never came to accept the new name and called the settlement Pulpudeva. Later on, the Slavs changed it to nowadays Plovdiv.